Rare Antiquarian Book published in the Portuguese language, 1786. This book is the most frequently reprinted biography in the Portuguese language: The life of a learned Renaissance warrior, hero of Portuguese India Jacinto Freire de. Vida de Dom João de Castro, Quarto Vice-Rei da India. Lisbon: Na Officina Craesbeeckiana, originally published in 1651. This is the 1786 edition. Tight full leather binding with gilt titling. Some scuffing and wear as shown in photographs but overall a good copy in good condition for its age. This copy measures approximately 6 inches long, 4 inches wide and 1.25 inches thick.
A vital source for the history of Portuguese expansion in India. D. João de Castro was a sailor, soldier, scientist and cartographer. Born in Lisbon in 1500, he became at an early age a brilliant humanist, studying mathematics under Pedro Núñez. At 18 he went to Tangiers, where he was dubbed knight by the Governor, D. Duarte de Menezes. In 1535 he accompanied D. Luis, son of King Manuel I, to the siege of Tunis. D. João left for the Indies soon after 1538 and enlisted among the aventureiros, "the bravest of the brave, who were sent to relieve Diu. Upon his return to Portugal in 1543, he was named commander of a fleet sent to clear the European seas of pirates, and two years later was sent with a fleet of six ships back to the Indies. He was the Portuguese ruler of India of the greatest stature. By his overthrow of Mahmud, King of Gujarat, by the relief of Diu and by the defeat of the great army of Adil Khan, D. João achieved such popularity that the merchants of Goa were willing to make him a substantial loan with only his mustache as security. Castro soon captured Broach, completely subjugated Malacca, and sent António Moniz into Ceylon. Included also is an account of the battles at Ormuz between the Turks and the Arabs. In 1547 he was appointed Viceroy of India by D. João III, but died in 1548, in the arms of his friend St. Francis Xavier.
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